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Fundamental Principles of Jiu-Jitsu

Updated: Aug 22, 2023

At its core, BJJ is built upon a set of fundamental principles that serve as a solid foundation for practitioners at all levels. In this blog post, we will delve into the fundamental principles of BJJ, highlighting their significance and providing insights into how they shape this dynamic martial art.

Positional Dominance:

Positional dominance is a key principle in BJJ. It emphasizes the importance of establishing and maintaining advantageous positions during a match. These positions include the mount, side control, back control, and various guard positions. By gaining and maintaining control over an opponent's body, a practitioner can dictate the flow of the match and increase their chances of executing submissions or advancing to more dominant positions.

Control and Pressure:

Control and pressure go hand in hand with positional dominance. BJJ practitioners learn to apply pressure strategically, making it uncomfortable for their opponents and limiting their options. This can be achieved through maintaining a tight grip, heavy pressure, and using body positioning to restrict an opponent's movement. By establishing control and applying pressure effectively, a practitioner can exhaust their opponent both physically and mentally, creating opportunities for submissions.

Timing and Technique:

Timing and technique are fundamental principles that distinguish BJJ from other martial arts. BJJ emphasizes the concept of using proper technique and leverage to overcome physical strength. Timing plays a crucial role in executing techniques successfully. By patiently waiting for the right moment and capitalizing on an opponent's mistake or vulnerability, a practitioner can execute techniques with maximum efficiency.

Leverage and Efficiency:

Leverage is the cornerstone of BJJ. It allows a smaller, weaker individual to overcome a larger, stronger opponent. By utilizing angles, leverage, and biomechanics, BJJ practitioners can apply techniques with minimal effort while generating maximum force. This principle empowers practitioners to subdue and control their opponents, even in unfavorable circumstances.

Fluidity and Adaptability:

BJJ is known for its fluidity and adaptability. Practitioners must be able to flow seamlessly between positions and submissions, adapting their game plan to the ever-changing dynamics of a match. Being open-minded, constantly learning, and experimenting with different techniques is vital to progress in BJJ. The ability to adapt one's strategy and techniques to different opponents and situations is a key aspect of success in this martial art.


The fundamental principles of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu form the bedrock upon which practitioners build their skills and understanding of the art. By embracing positional dominance, control and pressure, timing and technique, leverage and efficiency, and fluidity and adaptability, BJJ practitioners can navigate the complexities of a match effectively. These principles not only enhance one's ability to defend oneself but also foster personal growth, discipline, and resilience. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced practitioner, understanding and applying these principles will undoubtedly elevate your journey in the art of BJJ.

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